Topic: Newsela

The Napoleon wrasse is an animal that is located in the red sea or pacific ocean. This animal is vary popular people would pay thousand to millions of dollars to get this fishes head.  In recent years, the wrasse’s decline has been driven by yet another of the species its lips. The Napoleno is vary slow at reproducing they start laying eggs when they are 6 years old. As a result, a new generation is produced on average only every 10 years. This puts them in a high danger risk.

2 (edited by sophiewhelan 2017-09-29 10:11:35)

Re: Newsela

Sea turtles are one of the oceans most beautiful creatures. They are located off the bright blue coast of Thailand’s Similan Island   Adults, green sea turtles eat a mostly herbivorous diet. They much on algae and seaweed. They are also underwater landscapers. However, turtles often prey on invertebrates, including easy to nab jellyfish. Jelly fish are water like invertebrates that are filled with nutrition and minerals if eaten correctly the turtle has a tasty treat. The thick skinned turtles appear to be unbreakable to most predators. Partly due to the amount of wast being dumped in to the ocean the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced that green sea turtle populations in Florida and the Pacific coast of Mexico are in recovery. these miraculous creature have now been able to reproduce and reclassified as threatened, rather than endangered.

Re: Newsela

orcs also know as killer whales have been announced endangered since 2005. Scientists have been studding and analyzing orcs for about four years now. Sentience have came to a conclusion that they found some healthy germs in the samples. Some of the germs, though, are bad. These germs can cause serious illnesses. The cause of theses germs are due to everything from what gets flushed down toilets to trash that was dumped in the wrong place. Whales are paying the price of breathing in theses germs and getting vary sick witch leads to deaths and smaller populations

Re: Newsela

Hawaii is home to more than 1000 species in the air and in the under waters. Most of the animals are threaten and going extinct due to over fishing and hunting birds and other animals. The Antiquities Act is to  protect more than 548 million acres of federal land and water. Many scientists, environmentalists and native Hawaiians have argued that recent deep water discoveries and threats of climate change of the biologically rich region. Seven presidents have taken steps to safeguard part of the archipelago, which has a great variety of animals. Like the largest seabird, monk seals, green sea turtles and Laysan albatrosses.witch are all endangered specie.

5 (edited by sophiewhelan 2017-10-11 15:20:51)

Re: Newsela

The U.S controls dozens of islands including Puerto Rico this island is in the Caribbean Sea. The U.S also controls Hawaii an island state in the Pacific Ocean. Most people think that theses two islands are happy magical places but in reality they are face big risks from climate change.The risk includes rising temperatures and higher sea levels. Weather patterns are also changing the islands face high risks because they are so close to sea level. If the weather stars to change like less water that means no crops will grow and a drought might be a possibility. Islands are home to many special animals and plants in and out of the water. The coral reef house fish and other animals also helps protects the shore during storms. many islander depend on this reef for work and food. If the ocean warms the coral starts to die and fish lose their homes and fish population is likely start to drop. The plants on land will also be effected by this. The plants proved protection for islanders and local animals. Without healthy habitats, some animals will have no place to live .Climate change is changing the world. Sentience are studding how it will effect humanity in the future and what we can do to stop it.

Re: Newsela

California Wildfires are sweeping through Northern California. More than 20,000 people have left their homes. At least 2,000 homes and businesses have been destroyed. At least 17 people have been killed. More than 12 fires are burning through the area. Strong winds are blowing the fires, making them worse. The blazes broke out late on October 8, 2017. The government ordered people to leave home soon after.20,000 people fleeing to safety through smoke and flames. Late that night, gas stations were full everyone trying to flee the town. Emergency lines were flooded with callers reporting smoke. this had the officials say to the public only use line if necessary to only answer important calls.burning throughout a large swath of Northern California, including Napa, Sonoma and Yuba counties. "Right now, with these conditions, we can't get ahead of this fire and do anything about the forward progress," Biermann said. With the fire going this rate who knows how long it will go on for.

7 (edited by sophiewhelan 2017-10-16 15:13:43)

Re: Newsela

Walruses have been hunted for many years but not everyone can hunt them anymore. Hunting walrus is against the law for most Americans. Only Native Alaskans are allowed to hunt the large sea mammals. They have been hunting walrus for hundreds of years. However, walrus are becoming hard to find. Hunters from the two villages killed more than 1,100 walrus in 2003. Ten years later, they managed to take only 555. This year, things are not looking any better. In the spring, hunters killed 233 walrus. It is not enough food for 1,430 people. Global warming has changed the Alaskan climate the number of walrus in the region has gone down. Hunters are killing fewer walrus each year Hunters and scientists report that walrus migration patterns have changed. Many scientists blame humans for electricity, humans burn oil, coal and gas, which give off greenhouse gases that heat the earth. Less and less habitats and ice is available to many of the Atlantic animals. With all this ice melting more and more water is being distributed around the earth causing flooding. In Alaska store bought food is more expensive dozens of eggs cost about $12 a loaf of bread is $5 and a gallon of milk is $15. Instead native Alaskans find much of their food themselves.In these communities, people eat only the minimal amount needed to stay alive.

Re: Newsela

The colorful monarch butterfly is in danger. Environmentalists believe an enemy other than the changing climate is hurting the insect. Over the last year, the population of monarch butterflies across the United States fell to 90 percent below its 20-year average. This species has been endangered for Over the last year, the population of monarch butterflies across the United States fell to 90 percent below its 20-year average. Many group have made a suggestion to protect the butterfly like the Wild Life Service   to bring attention to the loss of numbers in this species. climate change is hurting the butterfly's by the chemicals in the air to droughts can greatly effect the population of butterfly's

Re: Newsela

Scientists expect this to be true unless the next athletic evolution is artificial. Running is one of the most famous sports. Runners have to train go on a meal plan and first they have to qualify to move on. Doping is the use of a substance or technique meant to improve an athlete's performance. Athletes accused of doping can be disqualified from competing in sporting events like the Olympics. Only one world record was broken at this year's athletics world championships in London, England. It was in the newly recognized women's 50-kilometer 31-mile race walk. At the 2016 Rio Olympics, just two running world records were broken. South Africa's Wayde van Niekerk broke the record in the 400-meter. Runners train really hard to pursue their breams on being the best.

Re: Newsela

People and animals need oxygen to live. Insects do, too. People, animals and insects also breathe a gas back out. This gas is called carbon dioxide. Apart from this, bugs don't breathe like humans and animals do. Bugs don't have lungs. Lungs are like sacks in people's chests. They suck air in and blow air out. Bugs take air in through holes on the outside of their bodies. These holes are called spiracles.They let oxygen inside the insect's body and they push out carbon dioxide. Insects have some control over their breathing. An insect can open and close its spiracles. It does this by using certain muscles.

Re: Newsela

When an animal sneezes, it’s their method of getting rid of annoying bits and pieces that have floated inside their nose and mouth.
Many animals, including humans, elephants, pandas and seals can sneeze. Sharks have two nostrils (called nares) below their snout that are used for smelling. These don't join up to the back of the throat like our nose does . Sharks breathe through the gills at the back of the mouth. Most of their smelling is done using a process called chemoreception. Sharks sense of smell is way stronger than ours they can smell blood from miles away. While sharks can’t sneeze like we do they can smell. And luckily they have other great ways of getting rid of unwanted things from inside them.

Re: Newsela

Michael Lombardi specializes in diving to some of the world's deepest coral reefs. He works for various scientific groups, including the American Museum of Natural History, the Woods Hole Group and the University of Rhode Island. Michael  often dives in a 400-foot-deep in the Exuma Cays in the Bahamas. Lombardi has created an underwater shelter that looks like a tent. It allows divers to safely avoid decompression sickness in a more comfortable environment. Lombardi states that his dad was in the Navy during Vietnam, so he had some sea stories along the way that surely played a role in his decision to become a diver.The hard work paid off. After studying the ocean in college. Scientists came to him with challenging diving jobs. Michael says that his most existing part of his job is "The most exciting thing is being in a totally new place for the very first time the first time for me, but also the first time for anybody. Some of these deep reefs have never been seen by humans firsthand."

Re: Newsela

Bioluminescence is light produced by a chemical reaction within a living creature. Some living creatures produce this light in there body. Most bioluminescent organisms are found in the ocean, including bioluminescent fish, bacteria and jellies. Other bioluminescent organisms, like fireflies and fungi, are found on land. The chemical reaction that causes bioluminescence depends on two chemicals: luciferin and either luciferase or photoprotein. Luciferin is the chemical that actually produces light. When lucifern and oxygen mix it produces a chemical reaction and gives off light. Most marine bioluminescence is blue-green, which is easier to see in the deep ocean. Most sea creatures cannot see yellow, red or violet colors. The light depends on were the animal lives witch is mostly at low depths. Bioluminescence may also be used to search for and attract prey. This is how animals in vary low depth get food. The most famous predator to use bioluminescence may be the anglerfish. This fish use its light on the top of its head to attract pray.

Re: Newsela

A scientist went searching for a young male alligator snapping turtle that was put in a southern Illinois creek at least a year ago.
Instead he pulled out a 22-pound adult female.The find raised hopes for those striving to protect the wild alligator snapping turtle. The creature hadn't been spotted in the area for three decades.The discovery was chronicled in an article in this month's Southeastern Naturalist. It was co-authored by Ethan Kessler, graduate student of natural resources and environmental sciences.That leaves both Kessler and Phillips wondering if Phillips was interrupting reproduction activity. That is just what this species needs to increase its numbers. This might be the last chance to save the alligator snapping turtle.

Re: Newsela

On Sunday, a major earthquake struck. It happened in the area of the Middle East where the countries of Iran and Iraq meet. Teams of rescuers dug through rubble from buildings. They hunted for survivors Monday morning.So far, 415 people have been found dead. Thousands more were hurt but many more are getting found. Many people had escaped their homes. lots of people gathered around fires to stay warm. Rescuers tried to send help. Rescuers were trying to set up relief camps for people. Many homes were destroyed. Some people had nowhere to stay. Kind citizens gave out 22,000 tents and 52,000 blankets. Food and water had also been handed out. This city was hit very hard. So far, 236 people have been found dead there. people send there prays to those in Iran and hope for the best.

Re: Newsela

Can plants feel pain. According to Anke Steppuhn Plants don’t feel pain the same way animals and people do. Anke Steppuhn is a  molecular ecologist at the Free University of Berlin. What we define as pain usually has to do with a nervous system nerve cells send an alert to your brain. Your brain decodes that signal as searing pain. Plants don’t have nerves or brains, so they can’t feel pain like we do. “But plants definitely do recognize when something is hurting them. They can’t escape a potentially dangerous situation, they need other ways of fighting back. Some plants as a defense they grow thorns or sharp little hairs. Other plants produce bad tasting or even toxic chemicals. plant called bittersweet nightshade does something even more ingenious, Steppuhn discovered that whenever something is eating this plant liquid begins dripping out of the edges of the wound, almost as if the plant were bleeding.

Re: Newsela

It might be time that we Homo sapiens re-evaluated our relationship with the oceans of the world. Roughly 95 percent of it remains unexplored, and it seems as if every other day we're finding out something new and unsettling. That sea creature of nightmare fuel is the frilled shark one of the oldest and in the running for the creepiest  living species on the planet. However, the frilled shark is still swimming around deep below the surface of the world's oceans, scientists say. Instead, they ended up capturing one of the rarest and most ancient creatures on the planet. The scientist say this is one of the shark might have been the inspiration for 19th century. The largest can grow 6 feet long – the size of a tall man. The shark is named after its gills, which have frilly, fluffy edges, but the cuddly factor ends abruptly there. This shark still stays a mystery to most scientist and is still trying to be discover.

Re: Newsela

Erika Bergman is a submarine pilot and a lover of all things related to the ocean. Her work takes her across the globe to improve our understanding of ocean ecosystems. She has managed to weave her various interests into one profession. Her current work with submarines combines three of the things she loves the most: the ocean, mechanics and community outreach. she was lucky enough to be in the lab when the owners of the submarine Antipodes came through. They offered her a job after graduation. Bergman is an experienced diver and submarine pilot. She described it as a roller coaster, going up and down from the ocean surface to the seafloor. In the meantime, there are plenty of opportunities for citizen science and learning about mechanics. MATE ROV competitions, for instance, allow students as young as third-graders to build underwater robots and compete with them for prizes. If Erika's dreams can come true so can you with hard work and dedication.

Re: Newsela

The great white shark is considered the most voracious apex predator in temperate marine ecosystems worldwide. The sharks play a key role in controlling ecosystem dynamics.  earlier this year the carcasses of five great whites washed ashore along South Africa’s Western Cape province. The sharks ranged in size from 9 feet to 16 feet. The two females and three males all had one thing in common: holes puncturing the muscle wall between the pectoral fins. The diet of orcas is often geographic or population specific. Cow sharks, blues and makos caught on longlines have had their livers removed by orcas, alongside the brains of the billfish also caught .Cow shark carcasses without livers have also washed ashore near Cape Town. There is no doubt that orcas are using highly specialized hunting strategies to target the liver. It may serve as a method of defense. But the advantage of sharks being able to "play dead" is not clear. The sharks also learn, however. Sightings of great whites off the South African coast quickly declined while orcas were in the area. Once the orcas moved on, the great whites began to return.

Re: Newsela

In late November, Mexico’s President Enrique Peña Nieto created a giant marine reserve. The protected area will span 57,000 square miles,of ocean.  The reserve is the largest marine reserve created in North America. The islands have been protected for over 20 years. The area is now safe from fishing, mining and other industries. The Revillagigedo Islands are currently uninhabited, and the new marine reserve will prevent the development of hotels and other tourist facilities. Commercial dive operators, however, will still be permitted to run trips to the area.  Islands themselves support many species of endangered birds and plants. The new order, however, is aimed at protecting the waters offshore. They support 366 species of fish, including 26 that are found only near the islands. The waters are also home to 37 species of rays and sharks, including giant whale sharks. The islands serve as a birthplace for humpback whales and support coral gardens and other untouched marine ecosystems. This is a very good idea for endanger species.

Re: Newsela

From a hairy-legged Goliath spider to a 2 1/2-foot Komodo dragon, a fear-inducing exhibition opened on November 10 at London's Natural History Museum. The exhibit showcases the world's most venomous creatures. More than 200,000 venomous species live on land, in the air or in the sea including the huge living spider that welcomes visitors to the museum from inside its tank. Venom refers to the toxic substances secreted by animals to kill their opponents. But it has other uses, too. The toxic proteins can induce a range of disagreeable and occasionally violent reactions. They include chills, nausea, fainting and paralysis. This exhibit was formed to inform citizen about the dangerous species on this earth.